The United Nations has set up a population fund (UNFPA) and a population division to plan programs and coordinate with other agencies in order to highlight and disseminate information about population control measures.
World Population Day is observed every year on July 11. The main purpose of this day is to draw attention toward the issues arising out of rising population across the globe. India has the world’s second-largest population after China.
History of World Population Day
The World Population Day was established by the United Nations in 1989, buoyed by the interest the Five Billion Day celebrated in 1987. A resolution to the effect was passed, and the day as first marked on July 11, 1990.
In December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) decided to continue observing World Population Day to enhance awareness about population issues, including their relations to the environment.
Significance of World Population Day
The World Population Day is observed with the goal of highlighting the difficulties created by overpopulation and raising awareness about how overpopulation may harm the ecosystem and progress of humanity.
Theme of World Population Day 2021
This year, the theme of World Population Day 2021 is "the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on fertility." It will be observed to shed more light on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexual and reproductive health and reproductive behaviour globally. It is organised by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.