A recent United Nations forecast on global population revealed that India matched, then surpassed China's population in April this year.
The UN estimates said India's population exploded to 1,425,775,850 people in the same month.
India had more than 200 million fewer people than China in 2020, UN data showed. It continued to taper the gap to a little more than 10 million people in 2022.
The UN Population Division also predicted that India's population would be bigger than China's by three million people in July this year.
According to UN data, India's population today is estimated at 1,429,000, while China's is at 1,426,000.
China's population growth has slowed in recent years due to Beijing's one-child policy, introduced in the 1980s. Its population fell to 1.411 billion in 2022, down by about 850,000 people from the previous year, according to its statistics bureau.
After 35 years of implementation, Beijing abandoned its one-child policy in 2015 out of concern for the declining population.
China saw its previous population decline in 1961 when a famine took the lives of tens of millions of people across the mainland.
According to Statista, India's demographic shift-as the largest country in terms of population-entails new challenges for the government, including providing its growing population with access to healthcare, education, and employment opportunities.
According to UN data, Indonesia, the world's largest archipelago, is the 4th biggest country today in terms of population, with 278 million people.
Pakistan is ranked 5th with 240 million people. Pakistan borders China in the west, and India in the east and southeast.
Bangladesh, which borders India in the west, north, and east, is today's 8th most populous country.
India's population grew more than three times in the sixty years following its independence, a BBC News report on May 1 said.
In 1951, India's population was only 361 million people. By 2011, its population had exploded to 1.2 billion.
India is projected by the UN to continue growing its population until the 2060s. But its population is expected to decline by 2064.- Oliver Samson
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